Singkawang is a city located in the province of West Kalimantan (or Kalimantan Barat), on the island of Borneo in Indonesia. It is located at about 145 km north of Pontianak, the provincial capital, and is surrounded by the Pasi, Poteng, and Sakok mountains. Singkawang is derived from Hakka, San khew jong which refers to a town in hills nearby a sea and estuary.
West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat') is a province of Indonesia. It is one of five Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city Pontianak.
The province has an area of 147,307 km² with a recorded 2010 census population of 4,393,239. Major ethnic groups include the Dayak, Malay, Chinese, which make up about 90% of the total population. Other groups include the Javanese, Bugis, and Madurese.
The borders of West Kalimantan roughly trace the mountain ranges surrounding the watershed of the Kapuas River, which drains most of the province.