Jerez de la Frontera is a municipality in the province of Cádiz in the autonomous community of Andalusia, (Spanish: Andalucía) in southwestern Spain, situated midway between the sea and the mountains. As of 2013 , the city, the largest in the province, had 215,180 inhabitants; it is the fifth largest in Andalusia. It has become the transportation and communications hub of the province, surpassing even Cádiz, the provincial capital, in economic activity. Jerez de la Frontera is also, in terms of land area, the largest municipality in the province, and its sprawling outlying areas are a fertile zone for agriculture. There are also many cattle ranches and horse-breeding operations, as well as a world-renowned wine industry.
The Andalusians (Spanish: Andaluces) are the people of the southern region in Spain approximated by what is now called Andalusia. They are a genetically distinct ethnic group of the Spanish people and the Spanish Language Academy recognizes Andalusian Spanish as a distinct dialect. The Andalusians have a rich culture which includes the Semana Santa (see Holy Week in Spain) and the famous flamenco style of music and dance. Andalusia's own statute of autonomy identifies the region as an "historic nationality" and grants it a high level of devolved political power.The people of Ceuta and Melilla also they are considered to be Andalusian people, since they have characteristics similar to that of Andalusia, as Andalusian dialect and related traditions. Nevertheless from the Spanish transition, Ceuta and Melilla they were separated from Andalusia.