Norway (i//; Norwegian: Norge (Bokmål) or Noreg (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Scandinavian unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres (148,747 sq mi) and a population of a little above 5 million. It is the 2nd least densely populated country in Europe. The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden (1,619 km or 1,006 mi long), which is the longest uninterrupted border within both Scandinavia & Europe at large. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak Strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. It shares maritime borders with Russia by the Barents Sea; Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland by the Norwegian Sea; and Sweden, Denmark, and the United Kingdom by the North Sea. Norway's extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea, is laced with fjords, a renowned part of its landscape. The capital city Oslo is the largest in the nation, with a population of 650 thousand. Norway has extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, fresh water, and hydropower.
Fjærland is a village in the municipality of Sogndal, along the Fjærlandsfjord, in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. The Fjærlandfjord is a branch of the Sognefjord, the longest fjord in Norway. The village is located about 31 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of the municipal center of Sogndalsfjøra.
Fjærland was originally part of the municipality of Leikanger, but in 1849 it was transferred to the newly created Balestrand municipality. Historically, the only transportation to Fjærland had been by ferry. In 1986 a highway tunnel was opened to the village of Skei to the northwest which connected Fjærland to Jølster. In 1994 another highway tunnel was opened to the southeast which connected Fjærland to Sogndalsfjøra. These tunnels are now the best access from the large district of Norway's west coast toward the capital, Oslo, and was the main reason why that Fjærland left Balestrand and merged into the municipality of Sogndal on 1 January 2000.
The glacier arms Bøyabreen and Supphellebreen (a part of the Jostedalsbreen glacier) and the Norwegian Glacier Museum are located nearby. Fjærland is also the Norwegian book town, with book shops situated in old cow sheds and pigpens, there are also book shops on the ferry quay and in the Hotel Mundal. The Hotel Mundal is an old wooden building in 19th century style still in business as a hotel. The hotel was owned by the Orheim family for over a hundred years, until August 2008 when it was sold.