Reykjavík (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈreiːkjaˌviːk] ( )) is the capital and largest city of Iceland. Its latitude, at 64°08' N, makes it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. It is located in southwestern Iceland, on the southern shore of the Faxaflói Bay. With a population of around 120,000 (and over 200,000 in the Greater Reykjavík Area), it is the heart of Iceland's cultural, economic and governmental activity.
Reykjavík is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in Iceland, which Ingólfur Arnarson is said to have established around AD 870. Until the 18th century, there was no urban development in the city location. The city was founded in 1786 as an official trading town and grew steadily over the next decades, as it transformed into a regional and later national centre of commerce, population, and governmental activities. It is among the cleanest, greenest, and safest cities in the world.
Miðborg (Icelandic: city centre), also known as Miðbær or Austurbær, is a sub-municipal administrational district that covers much of the central part Reykjavík, the capital of Iceland. The district includes six neighbourhoods: Kvos, Grjótaþorp, Skólavörðuholt, Þingholt, Skuggahverfi and Vatnsmýri.
It is the administrative centre of Iceland, containing Alþingishúsið (the national parliament buildings), Stjórnarráðshúsið (the cabinet house) and the Supreme Court of Iceland. In addition, the area is home to many of the city’s landmarks, including the Tjörnin pond, the town hall, and Hallgrímskirkja, the largest church in Iceland; tourist flow is considerable. The city centre is also the centre of Reykjavík's nightlife; most of the city's bars and nightclubs are located in Austurstræti (east street) and Bankastræti (bank street).
Media related to Districts of Reykjavík at Wikimedia Commons