Balochistan (Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچِستان, Balōčistān, pronounced [bəloːt͡ʃɪst̪ɑːn]), is a province of Pakistan which spreads primarily on the eastern parts of the geographic region of Balochistan. It is the largest of the country's four administrative provinces in terms of area, constituting approximately 44% of Pakistan's total land mass, and the smallest in terms of population, being home to less than 5% of the country's population. Balochistan is bordered by Afghanistan to the north and north-west, Iran to the south-west, the Arabian Sea to the south, Punjab and Sindh to the east, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the north-east. Quetta is the capital and largest city of Balochistan.
Pakistan (i// or i//; Urdu: پاكِستان, Pākistān, Urdu pronunciation: [ˌpɑː.kɪs.ˈt̪ɑːn] ( listen)), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جُمہُوریۂ پاكِستان, Islāmī Jumhūriya-ē Pākistān, pronounced [ɪsˈlɑːˌmi d͡ʒʊmˈɦu.riə-ˌeː ˌpɑː.kɪsˈt̪ɑːn]), is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 180 million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world. Located at the crossroads of the strategically important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia, Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west and north, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a marine border with Oman.