The Campo Santo, also known as Camposanto Monumentale ("monumental cemetery") or Camposanto Vecchio ("old cemetery"), is a historical edifice at the northern edge of the Cathedral Square in Pisa, Italy.
"Campo Santo" can be literally translated as "holy field", because it is said to have been built around a shipload of sacred soil from Golgotha, brought back to Pisa from the Fourth Crusade by Ubaldo de' Lanfranchi, archbishop of Pisa in the 12th century. A legend claims that bodies buried in that ground will rot in just 24 hours. The burial ground lies over the ruins of the old baptistery of the church of Santa Reparata, the church that once stood where the cathedral now stands. The term "monumental" serves to differentiate it from the later-established urban cemetery in Pisa.
A sarcophagus is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and displayed above ground, though they may also be buried. The word "sarcophagus" comes from the Greekσάρξsarx meaning "flesh", and φαγεῖνphagein meaning "to eat", hence sarkophagus means "flesh-eating"; from the phrase lithos sarkophagos (λίθοςσαρκοφάγος). Since lithos is Greek for stone, lithos sarcophagos means 'flesh-eating stone'. The word also came to refer to a particular kind of limestone that was thought to decompose the flesh of corpses interred within it.