Conquistadors (pron.: /kɒn.ˈkiːstədɔrz/; from Spanishconquistadores[koŋkistaˈðoɾes], "conquerors") were soldiers, explorers, and adventurers at the service of the Spanish Empire and Portuguese Empire. The name derived from the Reconquista (completed in 1492), the reconquest of the territory of the Iberian Peninsula that had been controlled by various Muslim states (known through much of that time as Al-Andalus). They sailed beyond Europe, conquering territory and opening trade routes. They colonized much of the world for Spain and Portugal in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries.
Alonso de Mendoza (La Garrovilla, Badajoz, c. 1471–1476 – Tipuani, Bolivia, 1549) was a Spanish captain, conquistador, and the founder of the city of Nuestra Señora de La Paz, current capital city of Bolivia. He was appointed by Pedro de la Gasca, the "Peacemaker," to found the city to commemorate the peace in the Peruvian colonies after the defeat of the Pizarro brothers.