Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos = folk/people and γράφω grapho = to write) is a qualitative research design aimed at exploring cultural phenomena. The resulting field study or a case report reflects the knowledge and the system of meanings in the lives of a cultural group. An ethnography is a means to represent graphically and in writing, the culture of a people.
Ethnography, as the empirical data on human societies and cultures, was pioneered in the biological, social, and cultural branches of anthropology but has also become popular in the social sciences in general—sociology, communication studies, history—wherever people study ethnic groups, formations, compositions, resettlements, social welfare characteristics, materiality, spirituality, and a people's ethnogenesis. The typical ethnography is a holistic study and so includes a brief history, and an analysis of the terrain, the climate, and the habitat. In all cases it should be reflexive, make a substantial contribution toward the understanding of the social life of humans, have an aesthetic impact on the reader, and express a credible reality. It observes the world (the study) from the point of view of the subject (not the participant ethnographer) and records all observed behavior and describes all symbol-meaning relations using concepts that avoid casual explanations.
Gmina Raczki is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Suwałki County, Podlaskie Voivodeship, in north-eastern Poland. Its seat is the village of Raczki, which lies approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi) south-west of Suwałki and 100 km (62 mi) north of the regional capital Białystok.
The gmina covers an area of 142.25 square kilometres (54.9 sq mi), and as of 2006 its total population is 6,137.
Gmina Raczki contains the villages and settlements of Bakaniuk, Bolesty, Chodźki, Dowspuda, Franciszkowo, Jankielówka, Jaśki, Józefowo, Koniecbór, Korytki, Krukówek, Kurianki Drugie, Kurianki Pierwsze, Lipówka, Lipowo, Ludwinowo, Małe Raczki, Moczydły, Planta, Podwysokie, Rabalina, Raczki, Rudniki, Sidory, Słoboda, Stoki, Sucha Wieś, Szczodruchy, Szkocja, Wasilówka, Wierciochy, Witówka, Wronowo, Wysokie, Ziółkowo and Żubrynek.