Ginseng (/ˈdʒɪnsɛŋ/) is any one of 11 species of slow-growing perennial plants with fleshy roots, belonging to the genusPanax of the family Araliaceae.
Ginseng is found in North America and in eastern Asia (mostly Korea, northeast China, Bhutan, eastern Siberia), typically in cooler climates. Panax vietnamensis, discovered in Vietnam, is the southernmost ginseng known. This article focuses on the series Panax ginsengs, which are the adaptogenic herbs, principally Panax ginseng and P. quinquefolius. Ginseng is characterized by the presence of ginsenosides.