Guadeloupe (pron.: /ɡwɑːdəˈluːp/; French pronunciation: [ɡwadəlup]; Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is a Caribbean island located in the Leeward Islands, in the Lesser Antilles, with a land area of 1,628 square kilometres (629 sq. mi) and a population of 400,000. It is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department. Guadeloupe is an integral part of France, as are the other overseas departments. Besides Guadeloupe island, the smaller islands of Marie-Galante, La Désirade, and the Îles des Saintes are included in Guadeloupe.
A Territorial collectivity (French: collectivité territoriale, previously collectivité locale) within the French Republic is the generic name for all country subdivisions that have an elected local government and (per article #72 of the French constitution) a certain freedom of administration.