Almería (pron.: //; Spanish: [almeˈɾi.a]) is a province of the Autonomous Community of Andalucia, Spain. It is bordered by the provinces of Granada, Murcia, and the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Almería.
Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park in the south-eastern corner of Spain, is Andalucia's largest coastal protected area, a wild and isolated landscape with some of Europe's most original geological features. It is the only region in Europe with a Warm Desert climate.
The eponymous mountain range is Spain's largest volcanic rock formation with sharp peaks and crags in red/ochre-hues. It falls steeply to the Mediterranean Sea creating jagged 100 m-high cliffs, which are riven by gullies leading to hidden coves with white sandy beaches, some of the most beautiful in Andalucia.
Offshore are numerous tiny rocky islands and, underwater extensive coral reefs teeming with marine life. Its climate is arid to the extent of being the driest location in Europe and the continent´s only subtropical or "warm" desert, with rainfall below 200 mm a year and average yearly temperatures above 18°C. In 1997 it was designated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. In 2001 it was included among the Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance. In 2010 it was proposed as a dump for nuclear waste.
The name 'Cabo de Gata,' contrary to popular "ex-pat" myth, does not mean cape of cats, though the word "cabo" does mean cape, as in Cape of Good Hope. The word "gata" apart from meaning a female cat, actually relates to the mineral agate which used to be mined in this area.