Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII), abbreviated SHIA is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia together with Halim Perdanakusuma Airport. The airport is named after the first President of Indonesia, Soekarno, and the first vice-president, Mohammad Hatta. The airport's IATA code, CGK, originates from Cengkareng, a district northwest of the city, and it is often called Cengkareng Airport by Indonesians, although the airport is administratively located within Tangerang.
Although it primarily serves Jakarta, it is located about 20 km west of the capital city, in Tangerang in the neighboring province of Banten. Soekarno–Hatta Airport began operations in 1985, replacing the former Kemayoran Airport (domestic flights) in Central Jakarta, and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport in East Jakarta. Kemayoran Airport has since been transformed into public areas. Halim Perdanakusuma is still operating, serving mostly domestic, hajj flight, VVIP, charters and military flights. Terminal 2 opened in 1991 and Terminal 3 opened in 2009, but in 2010 total passengers reached 43.7 million, surpassing the 38-million passenger capacity of all 3 terminals. In 2012, the airport was the 9th busiest airport in the world with 57.8 million passengers, a 12.1% increase over 2011. It is also the busiest airport in the Southern Hemisphere.