A souq or souk (Arabic: سوق) (Hebrew: שוק) sūq, also spelled shooq, soq, souk, esouk, suk, sooq, souq, or suq) is an open-air marketplace or commercial quarter in middle eastern and north african city.
A souq or souk entails the concept of a free market where vendors can command the going market price for their products. The term is often used to designate the market in any middle eastern, Arabized or Muslim city, but in modern times it appears in Western cities too. It may also refer to the weekly market in some smaller towns where neutrality from tribal conflicts would be declared to permit the exchange of surplus goods. In Modern Standard Arabic the term refers to markets in both the physical sense and the abstract economic sense (e.g., an Arab would speak of the souq in the old city as well as the souq for oil, and would call the concept of the free market السوق الحرّ as-sūq al-ḥurr).