The Taj Mahal (/ˈtɑːdʒməˈhɑːl/ often pron.: /ˈtɑːʒ/; Hindi: ताज महल, from Persian/Urdu: تاج محل "crown of palaces", pronounced [ˈt̪aːdʒ mɛˈɦɛl]; also "the Taj") is a white marblemausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by MughalemperorShah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage".
Uttar Pradesh/ˈʊtərprəˈdɛʃ/ (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, lit. "Northern Province"; formerly known as United Province, abbr. U.P.) is a state located in northern India. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act and renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh and Kanpur is the economic and industrial capital of Uttar Pradesh while Allahabad acts as the administrative center as it headquarters Uttar Pradesh Police force and homes the state's High Court among various other state government offices. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved from the mountainous Himalayan region of Uttar Pradesh.