The United States Census Bureau (officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title 13 U.S.C.§ 11) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for producing data about the Americanpeople and economy.
The primary mission of the Census Bureau is conducting the U.S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U.S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U.S. Economic Census, and the Current Population Survey.. Furthermore, economic and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government typically contain data produced by the Census Bureau. All together, the censuses and surveys conducted by the Census Bureau help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and help states, local communities, and businesses make informed decisions.